What is Fracking?

Fracking is defined as the process of injecting liquid at high pressure into terrain, such as subterranean rocks or boreholes, so as to force open existing fissures and extract oil or gas. Since its inception in 1947, fracking has become a staple of American energy production, and is well known for being a reliable and efficient mechanism for oil extraction. The process works by injecting high-pressure liquids and materials into deep underground shale formations, stimulating the extraction of oil, natural gas, geothermal energy, or water from previously inaccessible reservoirs. Fracking has contributed significantly to our nation's energy independence, job creation, and environmental progress.

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What is fracking?

Hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking” as it is more commonly known, is just one small method of the broader process of unconventional development of oil and natural gas. Fracking is a proven drilling technology used for extracting oil, natural gas, geothermal energy, or water from deep underground. Fracking has been safely used in the United States since 1947. More than 1.7 million U.S. wells have been completed using the fracking process, producing more than seven billion barrels of oil and 600 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.

Put simply, hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting liquid and materials at high pressure to create small fractures within tight shale formations to stimulate the production and safely extract energy from an underground well after the drilling has ended and the rig and derrick are removed from the site. The process takes about three to five days, on average, to complete from start to finish. Once the fracturing operation is finished, the well is considered “completed” and is now ready to safely produce American oil or natural gas for years, even decades, to come.

Fracking is a uniquely American success story that has provided immense benefits around the nation. By safely unlocking America’s abundant natural resources, fracking has created millions of American jobs, reduced energy prices, brought cleaner air by significantly reducing U.S. greenhouse gas emissions to 25-year-lows, strengthened our national security, and transformed the United States into a global energy superpower.



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